ÇEVRE MÜHENDİSLİĞİ YÜKSEK LİSANS PROGRAMI
Uygulanan programın amacı karmaşık çevre mühendisliği problemlerine çözümler getirebilecek öğrenciler yetiştirmektir. Bu da biyolojik, kimyasal ve fiziksel oluşumları anlayabilmeyi, mühendislik prensiplerini bilmeyi, laboratuvar ve hesaplama becerilerine sahip olmayı ve bilgisayar bilgisini çevre problemlerin analizi ve çözümü için kullanabilmeyi gerektirir.
Programın Dili: İngilizce
Bilimsel Hazırlık Programı Gerektiren Bilim Alan ve Dalları
Lisans derecesini Çevre Mühendisliği'nden farklı bir alanda almış olup yüksek lisans veya doktora programına başvuranlar Bilimsel Hazırlık Programı’na alınırlar.
Alınmış lisans veya yüksek lisans derecesine, almış olduğu lisans ve yüksek lisans derslerine ve bu derslerdeki başarı durumuna göre programda değişiklikler olabilir. Değişiklikler Anabilim Dalı Başkanı ve danışmanının tasdik etmeleri ve Enstitü Y. Kurulu kararı ile yapılabilir.
Bilimsel Hazırlık Programı’nda 2 yarıyılda toplam 30 kredi saatinden fazlasını gerektiren dallardan mezun olmuş öğrenciler lisansüstü programlara alınmazlar.
ADVANCED TECHNIQUES OF ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING ANALYSIS
Aims to understand the working principles of modern analytical instruments, and how they can be used to solve analytical problems encountered in environmental engineering. Includes optical methods, ultra violet, visible, infrared, X ray absorption, emission and flame spectroscopy, selective ion electrodes, mass spectroscopy, gas and liquid chromatography theory and applications, total organic carbon analyzer, electrical separation methods. Laboratory experiments.
FATE OF POLLUTANTS IN THE ENVIRONMENT
Focuses on the chemicals, found in our environment due to human activities, which are toxic to humans or to the ecosystem at the concentration level in which they are released or present. Discusses the transport and biogeochemical transformation of pollutants in the environment. Reviews the pollutant properties and media characteristics that affect transport, accumulation, and degradation of pollutants.
HAZARDOUS AND TOXIC WASTES-TREATMENT AND CONTROL
Definition of the problem. Hazardous waste concept. Definition of the hazardous waste. Determination methods of hazardous waste. Criteria of hazardous waste for determination. Listing. Hazardous waste impoundment. Hazardous waste management. Transportation of hazardous waste. Management, treatment and disposal. Incineration and treatment technologies. Landfilling and disposal strategies. Determination of the hazardous waste sites. Site planning. Deep well injection. Disposal to spent mine.
ANAEROBIC BIOTECHNOLOGY FOR INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATERS
Anaerobic treatment fundamentals and basic principles of anaerobic biotechnology. Anaerobic pathways in anaerobic reactors treating industrial wastewaters. Waste characteristics and treatability data, classification of industrial wastes. Toxicity on anaerobic microorganisms in the treatment of industrial wastewater. Seed sludge selection and acclimation of anaerobic sludge to toxic substances in the influent. Behaviours of anaerobic populations in reactors under inhibitions. Application of anaerobic biotechnology to industrial wastewaters. Examples of anaerobic systems treating various industrial wastewaters.
ADVANCED AIR POLLUTION
Meteorology for air pollution modeling and control; physical and thermodynamical properties of the atmosphere, equations of motion, hydrostatic equation, continuity equation, Geostrophic approximation, geopotential height, thermal wind, baroclinic and barotrophic atmosphere, atmospheric stability and inversions. Air pollutant concentration models; fixed-box models, diffusion models. Control of primary particulates. Control of sulfur oxides and nitrogen oxides.
REMOVAL OF ORGANICS FROM WATER
Discusses the measurement and removal of organics such as humic substances, phenol, cresols, carbohydrates, fats, proteins, grease, surfactants, oils, pesticides, toxic and non-biodegradable soluble organics typically found in water and waste waters. Covers the removal methods such as carbon adsorption, biological treatment, chemical oxidation and advanced oxidation processes as well as the removal in natural systems.
PHYSICOCHEMICAL PROCESSES IN ENV. ENGG.
Physico-Chemical processes encompassing quality transformations in natural waters, drinking waters, process waters and municipal and industrial wastewaters. Stability indices. Enhanced coagulation and flocculation, sedimentation, flotation, filtration, adsorption, activated carbon systems, ion exchange, membrane processes, chemical oxidation, photochemical reactions, disinfection, gas scrubbing systems.
Introduction to the basic consepts and issues involved in water reuse. Water conservation methods. Reuse of treated wastewater effluents to be used for irrigation. Separate collection and treatment of gray water from black water for reuse purposes.
ADVANCED WASTEWATER TREATMENT
Control of nutrients, classification of biological nutrient removal systems, design methods of single sludge systems. Removal of nitrogen by biological nitrification and denitrification. Applications of computer programs in wastewater treatment plant design. Computer programs used in Biological Nutrient Removal systems analysis.
Identification, quantification and treatment methods for trace contaminants and their degradation products in environmentally important matrices such as water, sediment and biological materials. Sources of trace contaminants such as pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyls, volatile organics, polyaromatic hydrocarbons, trihalomethanes. Biodegradation, biotransformation and bioaccumulation of trace contaminants. Physical transport systems in the environment. Risk assessment of micropollutants.
INDUSTRIAL WASTE TREATMENT
The source, characteristics and treatment techniques of wastewater generated from various industries. The caracterization of industrial wastewater, purpose of treatment and regulations. The detection of the wastewater amount. Waste minimization by changing the processes. Modeling the flow and variability of wastewater. Equalization and flow design. The design of unit processes including physical, chemical and biological processes. Liquid-solid separation by sedimentation, DAF, and filtration. The investigation of wastewater treatment plant process flow diagrams of selected industries.
The course aim is to provide the students with information on the application of biological processes in environmental technology. Environmental biotechnology covers the use of microorganisms in biotechnological processes such as sewage and industrial wastewater treatment, solid waste degradation, soil purification, bioremediation of sites contaminated with hazardous materials, enhancement of the quality of drinking water, biodegradation, bioconversion, biorecovery, biological detoxification.
SPECIAL TOPICS IN WATER TREATMENT
Special topics in water treatment. Different topics will be covered according to the need of students and interest of the intructor.
SPECIAL TOPICS IN WASTEWATER TREATMENT
Special topics in wastewater treatment. Different topics will be covered according to the need of students and interest of the intructor.
SPECIAL TOPICS IN AIR POLLUTION
Various topics on air pollution will be covered according to the need of students and interest of the intructor.
SPECIAL TOPICS IN ENV. ENGG.
Various advanced level topics will be covered on environmental engineering, according to the need of students and interest of the intructor.
REACTION KINETICS AND MASS TRANSFER
Aims to understand the efficient use of the kinetics of chemical reactions as well as the transport processes for the successful design and operation of chemical reactors in environmental engineering. Includes reaction kinetics for homogeneous reactions, design for single and multiple reactors, reactor design for non-ideal flow, fundamentals of mass transfer, absorption and desorption of gases and volatile organics, aeration, heterogeneous reacting systems, simultaneous mass-transfer and chemical reactions in gas/liquid and liquid/solid systems.
AIR POLLUTION CONTROL DESIGN
Control of sulfur oxides; oxidation-reduction chemistry of sulfur, removal of reduced sulfur compounds from petroleum and natural gas streams, removal of SO 2 from rich waste gases, removal of SO 2 from lean waste gases, alternatives to “burn and then scrub”. Control of nitrogen oxides; overview of nitrogen oxides problem, thermal NO, prompt NO, fuel NO, noncombustion sources of nitrogen oxides, nitrogen oxide control by combustion modification, nitrogen oxide control by postflame treatment. Control of primary particulates. Control of volatile organic compounds (VOCs). The motor vehicle problem.
TRANSPORT PHENOMENA IN ENV. ENGG.
Momentum, heat and mass transfer theory and its applications in environmental engineering.
ENV.ENGG. STRUCTURES DESIGN
Structural systems, structural materials, loads on structures, dealized structures for analysis, influence lines, deflection of structures, ultimate strength design of various structures.
COMPUTER APPLICATIONS AND MODELING IN ENV.ENGG.
Various mathematical models and computer applications used in environmental engineering.
ADVANCED OXIDATION PROCESSES
Advanced oxidation processes (AOPS) are a combination ozone, hydrogen peroxide, UV light, and catalysts to oxidize chemical compounds that can not be removed by the simple oxidation techniques. The class focuses on AOPs such as UV/O 3 , UV/H 2 O 2 , UV/TiO 2 , O 3 /H 2 O 2 , O 3 /FeOOH, etc. It discusses the advantages and limitations of AOPs, and the effect of water quality parameters on the efficiency of AOPs.
SOIL AND GROUNDWATER REMEDIATION
Soil and groundwater pollution sources and properties. Regulations dealing with soil and groundwater pollution. Techniques to characterize the pollution. The principles of the transportation of pollutants in soil and groundwater. Remediation technologies used to treat soil and groundwater pollution.
INSTRUMENTATION AND PROCESS CONTROL IN ENV. ENGG.
Introduction to instrumentation and automatic control systems in water and wastewater treatment plants. Working principles of most widely used instruments, in-situ instrumentation applications, literature survey and research, instrumentation techniques, principles of application and usage of new measurement devices in water and wastewater treatment plants. Design techniques for measurement devices.
ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF WATER TREATMENT PLANTS
Process and hydraulic calculations of inlet structures, pumping stations, aeration units, pre-ozonation tanks, coagulation-floculation units, clarifiers, filtration units and chlorination units. Cost analysis. Process and hydraulic calculations of local water treatment plants.
Basic microbiology and biochemistry of cells, biochemical kinetics, enzymes, metabolic pathways. Fundamental properties of prokaryotes: structure, metabolic diversity, environmental relationships, growth, genetics and applications. Analysis and identification of microorganisms. The structure and properties of biological populations and communities and their application to the solution of engineering problems. Genetic significance, structure and function of DNA. Relationship of genes and DNA structure. Structure and function of RNA. DNA amplification, cloning and polymerase chain reaction and sequencing DNA.
TECHNOLOGIES FOR WASTE REMEDIATION
Different technologies and techniques for remediation of contaminated soils and groundwaters are presented with basic engineering principles.
ADVANCED TOPICS IN BIOLOGICAL TREATMENT
Various biological treatment methods used in wastewater treatment. The theory of treatment methods and advanced level models. Computer aided design and modeling.
BIOLOGICAL NUTRIENT REMOVAL
Nitrogen and phosphorus removal methods in wastewater treatment. Advanced level mathematical models and computer aided design.
The Dynamic Nature of Chemical Equilibrium. The Thermodynamic Basis of Chemical Equilibrium. Nonideal Behaviour of Ions and Molecules in Solution. Acid-Base Chemistry. Coordination Chemistry. Precipitation and Dissolution, Oxidation Reduction Reactions.