KİMYA MÜHENDİSLİĞİ YÜKSEK LİSANS PROGRAMI
Kimya, Makine, Metalürji&Malzeme, Çevre ve benzeri mühendislik bölümleri mezunlarının, Kimya Mühendisliğinin özellikle Enerji Teknolojileri ve Temel İşlemler alanlarında uzmanlaşmalarını sağlamak ve araştırma altyapısını oluşturmak; Kimya Mühendisliği Lisans Programının yürütülmesine katkıda bulunacak öğretim elemanlarını yetiştirmek.
Programın Dili : İngilizce
Bilimsel Hazırlık Programı Gerektiren Bilim Alan ve Dalları
Programa kabul edilen adayların aşağıdaki dersleri veya eşdeğer sayılabilecek dersleri lisans öğretimleri sırasında almış olmaları, almadıkları ders sayısının 3’ün üzerinde olması durumunda Marmara Üniversitesi Lisansüstü Eğitim-Öğretim ve Sınav Yönetmeliği uyarınca Bilimsel Hazırlık Programını tamamlamaları gerekir.
Methods and strategies required for developing, planning and realizing projects. Initiation step: Project team, literature survey, brainstorming, market survey, potential clients. Risk estimation: “What if ?” questions, equipment, product, client. Complexity of the project: Project environment, sources, list of tasks, methods and tools, project budget. Milestones and schedule of the project: Project plan, time management, replanning strategies. Organization of the roles in the project: Distribution of tasks, communication strategies, project ethics. Completion criteria: Exit criteria, quality assurance, client satisfaction.
ENVIRONMENT FRIENDLY CHEMICAL ENG’G
The aim of the course is to aid postgraduate students in becoming environmentally knowledgeable and, skilled and dedicated chemical engineers who are willing to work toward achieving and/or maintaining a dynamic equilibrium between chemical engineering practices and the quality of the environment. To meet this end the following topics are covered in the lectures. Ecological foundations and humans as an ecological factor. The history of resource consumption by humans. Depletion and pollution of Earth’s resources. Possible contributions of the chemical engineer toward sustainable chemical technologies and a sustainable biosphere by recycling and utilization of residues and used products-reducing the consumption of resources and energy. Reducing the amount of potential pollutants at source. Use of Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) as a tool for minimizing environmental impact of chemical processes.
ENVIROMENTAL ECOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
Ecological effects of pollution, disturbance and other stresses. Cell membranes, metabolism. Anabolism: cell growth and substrate utilization, competition and inhibition, biogeochemistry. Applied environmental biotechnology: wastewater treatment, biodegradation of environmental pollutants, phytoremediation, microbiological ecology and toxicology; effect, environmental fate and risk assessment.
OPTIMIZATION OF CHEMICAL PROCESSES
Essential features of optimization problems. Building models for optimization. Formulation of objective functions. Fundamental concepts of optimization. Optimization of unconstrained functions. Linear programming and applications. Nonlinear optimization of functions with constraints. Application of optimization to heat transfer and energy conservation, fluid flow systems, chemical reactor design, and large-scale plant design.
PACKED BED SYSTEMS
Industrial use and operation of packed beds: chemical and biochemical reactors, heat storage units, water treatment units, sintering and blast furnaces. Fluid flow, heat and mass transfer in packed beds. Material selection, instrumentation and data visualization.
ADVANCED CHEMICAL PROCESS CONTROL
Multivariable control: continuous systems, discrete systems, frequency domain analysis, stability and/or robustness and performance. Emphasis on current developments in the literature and process applications
BIOCHEMICAL ENG’G BASICS
Fundamentals of microbiology and biochemistry. Applied enzyme catalysis. Biomass production in cell cultures. Mathematical models of cell growth. Transport phenomena in bioprocess systems. Down-stream processes in bioprocess systems. Analysis of multiple ınteracting microbial population. Control and ınstrumentation.
Enzymes as biological catalysis. Kinetics of unireactant enzymes. Simple inhibition systems. Partial and mixed-type inhibition. Rapid equilibrium bireactant and terrareactant systems. Allosteric enzymes. Steady-state kinetics of multireactant systems. Effects of pH and temperature.
Polymerization processes, flow properties of polymeric melts, polymer processing, polymeric additives and reinforced polymers, technologial applications of polymers, developments of polymer technologies.
POLYMER ANALYSIS AND CHARACTERIZATION
Basic properties of polymers: mechanical, thermal, electrical and optical properties, polymer characterization: determination of molecular weight and weight distrubition, structural analysis, characterization.
PRINCIPLES OF ENERGY UTILIZATION
Primary energy sources. Laws that govern energy conversions. Power generation. Fossil energy and power generation from fossil fuels. Hydroelectric power generation. Nuclear energy and power generation from nuclear fuels. Solar energy types and utilization methods: natural collection and technological conversion systems.
RENEWABLE ENERGY SYSTEMS
Renewable energy types: Solar, wind, biomass, hydro power,geothermal. Potential applications of renewable energy: power and heat generation. Wind farms and building integrated power generation.
ADVANCED TOPICS IN CHEMICAL ENGINEERING I
An advanced treatment of selected chemical engineering topics of current interest.
TRANSPORT PHENOMENA I
General comments on fluids, shear stress, density, continuum approach. Fluid and interfacial statics. Differential equation of fluid statics from shell balance. Macroscopic balances and applications. Use of First Law for open system to obtain steady state mechanical energy balance; Bernoulli’s equation along a streamline. Dimensional analysis and its use to obtain friction factor correlation for flow in pipes. General shell balances in rectangular coordinates to obtain continuity and momentum equations; vector form of these equations but with limited discussion of tensors; discussion of boundary conditions. Solution of simple flows in rectangular, cylindrical, spherical coordinates for Newtonian fluid.
APPLICATION OF MANAGEMENT SCIENCE IN CHEMICAL INDUSTRY
Applications of probability theory to Chemical Engineering operational situations. Relationship between the inventory and production models and application of these models to Chemical Engineering areas. Theory of games and strategies in Chemical Engineering problems. Networking tools such as PERT and their applications to Chemical Engineering projects.
MATHEMATICAL MODELING AND SIMULATION
Mathematical modeling of an industrial process involving mass diffusion, heat conduction, change of phase, combustion or chemical reaction. Lumped and distributed parameter models. Analytical and numerical solutions of the model equations. Defining a mathematical model in dimensionless form, identifying the important dimensionless parameters of a process. Solving standard fixed and free boundary value problems. Presentation and explain mathematical models and their solutions.
HYDROGEN ENERGY SYSTEM
Alternative energy sources such as, Solar, Wind, Hydroelectric, biomass and Geothermal., efficiency of each alternative energy source. Hydrogen as an alternative energy carrier and storage of all form of alternative energies. Hydrogen production, storage, transportation and application technologies.
SAFETY IN CHEMICAL ENGINEERING
Combustion, explosion and fire. Fire hazards in industry. Natural disasters and safety. Safety of electrical and mechanical systems. Safety of pressure vessels. Labelling of hazardeous material. Risk analyses. Urgent intervention plan. Organisation of safety group. Workplace health regulations. Ergonomics. Workplace accidents. Protective material for employees. Industrial hygiene. First aid. Standards concerning work safety and employee health. Ethics and legal responsabilities of engineer concerning work safety. Governmental, public and nongovernmental organisations concerning work safety. Safety engineering economics.
MULTIVARIATE ANALYSIS IN ENGINEERING
Methods of analysis of the experimental multivariate data. Sensitivity analysis of the mathematical models and the model parameters using statistical and numerical methods.
FIRE AND FIRE PROTECTION IN INDUSTRY
Physical properties of gases. Critical temperature. Explosions by changes of phase. Stochiometry of combustion. Combustion. Premixed and diffusion flames. Laminar and turbulent flames. Deflegrations and explosions. Flames and explosion velocities. Explosion by combustion. Inflammability limits. Ignition temperature. Partial pressure of liquids. Flash point and fire point. Flammable and combustible liquids. Heat transfer during a fire. Conduction, convection, radiation. Fire vectors. Fire hazards in industry. Fire hazards in buildings. Fire sources in ındustry ( thermal, chemical, electrical, mechanical,....). Autoignition or slow combustion. Steps of fire development. Effects of toxicity of fire gases: incapacity and lethality. Toxicant effect of smoke during chemical fires. Classification of fires. Classification of fire extinguishing agents. Risk analysis and fire intervation plan in chemical plants.
MECHANICAL SEPARATION PROCESSES
Screening. Filtration: cake filters, clarifying filters, crossflow filtration. Gravity sedimentation processes. Centrifugal sedimentation processes.
ADVANCED PHASE EQUILIBRIA
An advanced study of fundamental concepts in classical and molecular thermodynaamics. Solution thermodyamics, vapour-liquid and liquid-liquid equilibria, chemical reaction equilibria in multicomponenet systems.
DESIGN OF BIOCHEMICAL REACTORS
Ideal bioreactors. Reactor dynamics. Reactors with nonideal mixing. Sterilization. Reactors for immobilized biocatalysis and cells. Multiphase bioreactors. Fermentation technology. Power requirements for bioreactors. Bioprocess economics.
PROTEIN SYNTHESIS AND CHEMISTRY
Protein structure and function. Exploring proteins. Introduction to enzymes. Mechanism of enzyme action. Control of enzymatic activity. Molecules of heredity DNA and RNA. Flow of genetic information. Exploring genes. DNA structure and replication. RNA synthesis. Protein synthesis. Control of gene expression in procaryotes.
Crystallization, solubility, supersaturation, nucleation, metastable zone width, crystal growth, growth rate measurements, crystal size distrubition, crystallization techniques and equipment, crystallizer operation and design
ADVANCED CHEMICAL ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS
In-depth coverage of chemical engineering thermodynamic principles. Application of non-ideal fluid-phase chemical potentials to problems in phase and chemical reaction equilibria; application to industrial problems. Relation of molecular structure and intermolecular forces to macroscopic thermodynamic properties.
MATHEMATICAL MODELLING OF ENERGY SYSTEMS
Energy planning models: MARKAL-MACRO, EFOM and MESSAGE. Reference energy system. Carbon reduction strategies. Joint mitigation under the Kyoto Protocol. Global models. Energy and employment. Econometric 3E-modelling. Uncertainty and technological dynamics in energy models.
GASEOUS FUEL TECHNOLOGY
Physical properties of gases. Boiling and critical temperatures. Compressibility factors. Techniques for storage of natural gas and liquefiable gases. Natural gas distribution networks. Combustion. Flame temperature and velocity. Inflammability limits. Ignition temperature. Safety measures. Conversion of burners for different gaseous fuels. Energy economics in direct usage of gaseous fuels in industry. Feasibility of conversion to gaseous fuels. Difficulties of autonom utilisation of gaseous fuels in vehicles. Usage of natural gas and gaseous fuels as a raw material. Technology of coal gasification.
The thermolysis course emphasizes the use of thermal processes to upgrade or convert hydrocarbons such as biomass, fossil fuels, organic wastes e.g. plastics, tires, pomace etc into useful energy carriers or chemicals. The thermolysis processes under investigation are pyrolysis, gasification and liquefaction. Characterization and analysis of hydrocarbons, their availability, upgrading options are covered along with the fundamental aspects of thermolysis kinetics and thermodynamics.
The course is intended to provide graduate students with a basic general background in combustion, a basis from which graduate level research begins. The contents includes mathematical description of flames, thermodynamics, chemical kinetics, reaction mechanisms and transport phenomena of combustion processes, ignition processes, combustion of gaseous, liquid and solid fuels, co-combustion, pollutant formation and a brief comparative review of combustion systems
ADVANCED TOPICS IN CHEMICAL ENGINEERING II
An advanced treatment of selected chemical engineering topics of current interest.
MASTER’S SUPERVISED TEACHING
Condensed lectures in educational fundamentals, learning theories, methodology, measurement and evaluation. Teaching experience under the mentorship of faculty who assist the student in planning for the teaching assignment, observe and provide feedback to the student during the teaching assignment and evaluate the student upon completion of the assignment.
TRANSPORT PHENOMENA II
Basic transport mechanisms, conduction, diffusion, convection. Derivation of transport equations for energy by shell balances. Heat conduction in solids and laminar flow. Derivation of the general equations for energy transfer. Solutions of one-dimensional heat transfer problems. Unsteady heat transfer. Forced convective heat transfer. Macroscropic energy and mass balances. Mechanisms of mass transfer. Diffusive mass transfer. Convective mass transfer. Mass transfer in chemically reacting systems. Unsteady mass transfer.
EXPERIMENTAL METHODS FOR CHEMICAL ENGINEERS
Research involves a combination of analytical and experimental work. The study of experimental methods is necessary extension of all analytical subjects. Experimental techniques have changed quite rapidly with the development of electronic devices for sensing primary physical parameters and controlling process variables. This Lesson is based on the LabView software. Measurement of temperature, pressure and transport property measurements and control of the process variables will be done by use of the LabView.
Introduction of the principles and techniques of electrochemistry, electrochemical applications in materials characterization, electrochemical and spectroelectrochemical kinetics, and the design of electro-sensors, electro-catalyst, and fuel cells.