Program tanımları
Graduate programs leading to the Master of Science degrees in Earthquake Engineering, Geodesy, and Geophysics normally involve two years of graduate work and include,
a) A minimum number of 24 credits of course work to be completed in two successive semesters,
b) A thesis to be completed in the following two semesters.
Of the minimum number of 24 credits, at least one-third should be comprised of required courses specified by the program in which the student is registered. The remaining two-third may be chosen from among elective courses of the program or the courses acceptable by regulations of the Institute, subject to the approval of student advisor. The 24 credits of course work is normally made up of 500 and 600 level courses; however, with the approval of the advisor, some of the program may be composed of 400 level courses, a maximum of two of which with credit, not taken in the students undergraduate program.
Upon completion of course work with a grade-point average of at least 3.00, the student is required to carry out supervised research and complete a thesis in at most two successive semesters. At the discretion of the Institute, this period may be extended by one semester. The student is required to pass an oral examination after the thesis is submitted for approval.
Students with backgrounds in Geodesy and in Geophysics, in Geology and particularly in Physics, in Mathematics and in Computer Engineering may apply to M.Sc. program. However, students without a background in Geodesy and in Geophysics may be allowed to extend their course work to three semesters, taking complementary courses in related fields with the approval of advisor.
MASTER OF SCIENCE PROGRAM
Fundamentals of Theoretical Geophysics
Mathematical Methods in Geophysics
Geophysical Data Processing
Introduction to Seismology
Introduction to Geophysical Methods
Plate Tectonics and Crustal Dynamics
Earthquake Geology
Computers in Geosciences
Physics of the Earth’s Interior
Electromagnetic Methods in Geophysics
Fields in Geophysics
Geomagnetism and Paleomagnetism
Wave Propogation I
Physics of Earthquake Source I
Observational Seismology
Seismic Instrumentation
Seismic Interpretation
Environmental and Applied Geophysics
Graduate Seminar
Selected Topics in Geophysics I -IV
Independent Studies I - II
M.Sc. Seminar
M.Sc. Thesis
FIELDS OF SPECIALIZATION
Seismology
Applied Geophysics
Geomagnetism
Wave Propogation I
Environmental and Applied Geophysics
Geomagnetism and Paleomagnetism
Physics of Earthquake Source I
Electromagnetic Methods in Geophysics
Earthquake Geology
Seismic Instrumentation
Wave propogation I
Electromagnetic Methods in Geophysics
Earthquake Geology
Earthquake Seismic Interpretation
COURSE DESCRIPTIONS( M.Sc.)
GPH 501 Fundamentals of Theoretical Geophysics*
Vector fields in geophysics. Vector calculus. Multiple integrals. Integral of vector fields over curves and surfaces. Integral theorems: Green’s theorem in the plane. Stoke's theorem. Conservative fields, potentials. Potential and fields for gravity and electrostatics. Fluid flow. Electrical and magnetic fields. Partial differential equations in geophysics. Heat equation. Method of separation of variables. Wave equation: d’Alembert Solution. Wave equation in polar coordinates.
(3+0+0)3
GPH 503 Mathematical Methods in Geophysics*
Matrix algebra, inverse matrix, eigenvalues, eigenvectors. Complex analysis. Integral transform. Application from geophysical theory.
(3+0+0)3
GPH 505 Geophysical Data Processing*
Basic signals, sampling, Z transforms, Fourier analysis. Least squares fitting, covariance and correlation functions. Power spectra. Probability. Normal, Binomial and Poisson distributions. Deconvolution, optimum filters, linear filters in earth sciences. Special filters in geophysics: polarization analysis, f-k filtering.
(3+0+0)3
GPH 507 Introduction to Seismology**
Study of seismology, the science of earthquakes and its historical development. Seismic waves: Body waves, surface waves. Travel times and structure of the earth. Seismogram interpretation. Seismographs. Anelasticity and anisotropy. Focal parameters of earthquakes: Earthquakes and faults, location, magnitude, seismic moment, intensity, seismic energy. Seismicity, seismotectonics, seismic hazard and seismic risk.
(3+0+0)3
GPH 509 Introduction to Geophysical Methods
A detailed study of the theory and application of geophysical methods for mining, petroleum exploration and engineering studies. Emphasis on recent advances is seismic, gravity, electrical and magnetic techniques. Laboratory work to solve exploration problems in magnetic, electrical and seismic methods.
(3+0+0)
Non-credit
GPH 520 Plate Tectonics and Crustal Dynamics
The interior of the earth. Characteristics of the earth’s crust. Principal tectonic features of the earth. Oceanic crust and spreading centers. Plate motion; driving forces. Convergent margins; subductions, back-arc basins. Oceanic transform faults. Triple junctions and supercontinents. Collision, development of orogenic belts, formation of mountain roots, ophiolite emplacement, sutures, delamination. Case studies: Himalaya, Alps, Ural, Ands, Red Sea, Eastern Mediterranean, Anatolia, Aegean.
(3+0+0)3
GPH 521 Earthquake Geology
Brittle fracture of rock. Rock friction. Mechanics of faulting and earthquakes. Seismotectonics. Geology of earthquake source region. Active fault morphology, tectonic geodesy, seismic cycle, earthquake prediction.
(3+0+0)3
GPH 525 Computers in Geosciences
C and Fortran programming. Application of numerical methods to computer simulations of geophysical methods. Development of individual projects, writing appropriate computer codes. Introduction to efficient use of Matlab as a tool for research in Earth Sciences.
(1+0+0)1
GPH 528 The Physics of Earth’s Interior
Chemical and physical models of the earth. Studying structure of the earth’s crust by using explosion and earthquake seismology, gravity, magnetic and electromagnetic methods. Case studies from Turkey and the world.
(3+0+0)3
GPH 530 Electromagnetic Methods in Geophysics
Study of electromagnetic sounding methods. Principles of magnetotellurics (MT), controlled source audio-frequency magnetotellurics (CSAMT), geomagnetic deep sounding (GDS) and very-low-frequency (VLF) methods. Field applications and interpretation of electromagnetic data.
(3+0+0)3
GPH 531 Fields in Geophysics
Introduction to the classical field theory of geophysical interest, namely steady state and time dependent electromagnetic fields, currents. Lagrangian field theory. Gravitational and magnetic fields.
(3+0+0)3
GPH 532 Geomagnetism and Paleomagnetism
Historical development of geomagnetism. Global geomagnetic studies, observation techniques, instrumentation and geomagnetic observatories. Introduction to paleomagnetism.
(3+0+0)3
GPH 540 Wave Propagation I
Stress and strain, equation of motion, wave equation, One dimensional solution of wave equation, body waves and ray theory, Snell’s Law, travel times and the structure of the Earth.
(3+0+0)3
GPH 542 Physics of Earthquake Sources I
Point sources. Near field, far field radiation. Equivalent body forces. Double couple sources. Elastostatic. Elastodynamic. Seismic moment tensor. Radiation pattern. Fault plane solutions. Finite sources. Rupture models. Haskell source. Source directivity. Source spectrum. Fault geometry and corner frequency. Stress drop, rupture velocity. Magnitude. Energy.
(3+0+0)3
GPH 543 Observational Seismology
Historical and conceptual background of observational seismology, consequences of recent technical developments, seismicity, seismic sources and source parameters, rules and procedures for magnitude determination and magnitude scales, seismic waves and travel times, seismic signals and noise, seismic data formats, data analysis and seismogram interpretation, seismic analysis codes (SAC, Seatools, geotools), locating earthquakes.
(3+0+0)3
GPH 544 Seismic Instrumentation
Overview, basic theory and history of seismometry. The frequency response function, the transfer function, the impulse response function, the condition for stability, the step response function, pole and zero positions. Seismometry, seismic sensors and their calibration, seismic recording systems. Seismic networks: Site selection, preparation and installation of seismic stations, seismic network purpose, seismic network configuration, data transmission and data acquisition. Seismic arrays.
(3+0+0)3
GPH 547 Seismic Interpretation
Theory of seismic refraction and reflection, data processing, velocity analysis, filtering, migration, synthetic seismograms, two and three- dimensional interpretation, computer applications and examples.
(3+0+0)3
GPH 560 Environmental and Applied Geophysics
Principles and applications of geophysical methods, seismic refraction and reflection, gravity, magnetism, electromagnetism, resistivity and ground penetrating radar. Hands on field exercises and demos at some selected sites. Familiarization with report writing and application of each method. Site studies related to environmental, engineering and archaeological problems.
(1+0+0)1
GPH 579 Graduate Seminar*
The widening of students’ perspectives and awareness of topics of interest to geophysicists through seminars offered by faculty, guest speakers and graduate students.
(0+1+0)
Non-credit
GPH 591-594 Selected Topics in Geophysics I-IV
Topics related to the research works in geophysics. Practical aspects of explosion and earthquake seismology. Use of software for analyzing collected geophysical data and preparing scientific reports.
(3+0+0)3
GPH 595-596 Independent Studies I-II
Independent research projects or directed readings designed to meet the needs and interests of individual students. Regular conferences given by students and instructors required.
(1+0+0)1
GPH 598 M.Sc. Seminar
Investigation in depth of a special topic related with the student’s major area of study and research in geophysics, with the aim of original contribution to the subject. Preparation and defence of a M.S. thesis.
(1+0+0)1
GPH 690 M.Sc. Thesis
Investigation in depth of a special topic related with the student’s major area of study and research in geophysics, with the aim of original contribution to the subject. Preparation and defence of a M.S. thesis.